23. “ ‘My dreams at that time were rather confused’, he admitted. Before my condition was diagnosed, I had been very bored with life. There did not seem to be anything worth doing. But shortly I came out of hospital, I dreamt that I was going to be executed”
a) Identify the speaker?
b) What times were his dreams rather confused at?
c) I was going to be executed (Use a single word for the underlined words)
d) What drastic change came over Hawking after the diagnosis of the disease?
e) What trait of Hawking’s character do you detect here?
24. “To her, this dishevelled graduate student seemed terribly intelligent, eccentric and rather arrogant. But he was interesting and she liked his wit.
a) Who is referred to here as ‘her’?
b) Who is the disheveled graduate student described in this excerpt?
c) Write the meaning of the word ‘dishevelled’.
d) Write one of the qualities of her.
25. “In 1965, at the age of twenty-three, Hawking received his fellowship at Caius”.
a) What important thing happened in his life that year?
b) Whom did Hawking marry?
c) What did she like most in his character?
26. “She was rather a shy teenager, serious minded with a strong faith in God”
a) Who is described as a shy teenager?
b) Who helped her to have strong faith in God?
c) What was the brave decision she took in her life?
27. “One will encounter a multitude of paradoxes in the book. In science and with people things are often not what they seem and pieces that ought to fit together refuse to do so”
a) Where can one encounter a multitude of paradoxes ?
b) When did the author publish that book?
c) With whose support did the author publish that book?
28. “He chooses to ignore the difficulty and he expects others to adopt the same attitude”.
a) Who is the ‘he’ referred in this excerpt?
b) What is the attitude he expects others to adopt?
c) What is the difficulty mentioned in the excerpt? Write one of the good qualities that you find in Hawkings.
29. “If you can meet Triumph and Disaster And treat those two imposters just the same”
a) Identify the speaker
b) Whom does ‘you’refer to?
c) Why are ‘Triumph’ and ‘disaster’ called as imposters?
d) Identify the figure of speech in these lines.
e) Do you agree with the idea in these lines?
30. “If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run, Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it, And which is more –you will be a Man my son”
a) What is the message conveyed in this stanza?
b) What is the poer’s approach?
c) Comment on the metaphor given in the stanza.
UNIT 2 WORDS AND DEEDS
AND THEN GANDHI CAME
31. We had become a derelict nation. We seemed to be helpless in the grip of some all-powerful monster: our limbs were paralysed and our minds deadened.
a) What is referred here as all powerful monster?
b) Why were our limbs paralysed?
c) What does Nehru mean by ‘we had become a derelict nation’?
32. And then Gandhi came. He was like a powerful current of fresh air that made us stretch ourselves and take deep breaths, like a beam of light that pierced the darkness…..
a) What is the incident referred to in the passage?
b) Who made us stretch ourselves and take deep breaths?
c) What do you mean by ‘removing the scales from eyes’?
33. The dominant impulse in India under British rule was that of fear-pervasive oppressing, strangling fear, fear of army, the police, the widespread secret service……..
a) Who asked to fight against fear?
b) Name some kinds of fear people had under the British rule.
c) What is the word used by Nehru to refer to fearlessness?
34. Proud of his Hindu inheritance as he was, he tried to give to Hinduism a kind of universal attire and included all religions within the fold of truth.
a) Who was proud of his Hindu inheritance?
b) How did he give universal attire to Hinduism?
c) What is so special about Indian culture?